کتاب گنجاندن رابطه فقر - محیط زیست در برنامه های توسعه
Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment:Linkages into Development Planning
A Handbook for Practitioners
قبلاً در یکی از نوشتارهای خودم از ابتکار عمل مشترک برنامه های عمران و محیط زیست ملل متحد در مورد ارتباط فقر و محیط زیست صحبت کرده بودم. این جا کتاب یا گزارش فنی را به شما معرفی می کنم که عنوانش گنجاندن رابطه فقر - محیط زیست در برنامه های توسعه. کتاب در 134 صفحه و 7 فصل و در سال 2009 تهیه و منتشر شده است که امیدوارم اول خودم بعد دوستان علاقمند به مباحث اقتصادی - اجتماعی آن را مطالعه کنند.
The Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is a global UN-led programme that supports country-led efforts to mainstream poverty-environment linkages into national development planning.
The PEI provides financial and technical assistance to government partners to set up institutional and capacity strengthening programmes and carry out activities to address the particular poverty-environment context.
Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment Linkages into Development Planning: A Handbook for Practitioners is also available online at www.unpei.org.
Published March 2009
© 2009 UNDP-UNEP
The purpose of this handbook is to provide practical, step-by-step guidance on how governments and other national actors can mainstream poverty-environment linkages into national development planning. We here define poverty-environment mainstreaming as the iterative process of integrating poverty-environment linkages into policymaking,budgeting and implementation processes at national, sector and subnational levels.It is a multi-year, multi-stakeholder effort grounded in the contribution of the environment to human well-being, pro-poor economic growth and achievement of the MDGs.
It entails working with a range of government and non-governmental actors, and other actors in the development field.
The handbook lays out a programmatic approach to mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages into development planning that has been developed by the Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI), a joint effort of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) that provides financial and technical support to countries for poverty-environment mainstreaming. The approach is largely based on the PEI experience in helping governments around the world mainstream poverty-environment linkages, primarily in Africa and Asia and the Pacific, as well as selected experiences from other development actors, particularly members of the Poverty Environment Partnership. The approach aims to provide a
flexible model that can be adapted to national circumstances to guide the choice of activities, tactics, methodologies and tools to address a particular country situation.
It comprises the following components:
••Finding the entry points and making the case
••Mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages into policy processes
••Meeting the implementation challenge Stakeholder engagement occurs throughout, from inception through policy development, implementation and monitoring. Each successive component builds on previous work, but the chronology is not fixed. Rather, mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages is an iterative process in which activities may take place in parallel or in an order different from that presented here, according to a country’s particular priorities and needs.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. About the Handbook
1.2 Target Audience
Chapter 2. Understanding Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming
2.1 Defining Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming
2.2 Exploring Poverty-Environment Linkages
2.3 Importance of Natural Capital to the Wealth of Low-Income Countries
2.4 Importance of Climate Change for Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming
Chapter 3. An Approach to Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming
3.1 Programmatic Approach
3.2 Role of Stakeholders and the Development Community
Chapter 4. Finding the Entry Points and Making the Case
4.1 Preliminary Assessments: Understanding the Poverty-Environment Linkages
4.2 Preliminary Assessments: Understanding the Governmental, Institutional and
4.3 Raising Awareness and Building Partnerships
4.4 Evaluating Institutional and Capacity Needs
4.5 Setting Up Working Mechanisms for Sustained Mainstreaming
Chapter 5. Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment Linkages into Policy
5.1 Using Integrated Ecosystem Assessments to Collect Country-Specific
5.2 Using Economic Analyses to Collect Country-Specific Evidence
5.3 Influencing Policy Processes
5.4 Developing and Costing Policy Measures
5.5 Strengthening Institutions and Capacities: Learning by Doing
Chapter 6. Meeting the Implementation Challenge
6.1 Including Poverty-Environment Issues in the National Monitoring System
6.2 Budgeting and Financing for Poverty-Environment Policy Measures
6.3 Supporting Policy Measures at the National, Sector and Subnational Levels
6.4 Strengthening Institutions and Capacities: Establishing Poverty-Environment
Mainstreaming as Standard Practice
Chapter 7. Conclusion and Way Forward
Abbreviations and Acronyms