از دوحه COP18 چه خبر؟
Key Figures on Climate France and Worldwide - 2013 Edition
French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
Romain Morel et al.
§ This annual publication of key figures on climate, at the French, European and global levels brings to everyone, in an accessible and practical document, the necessary basis for the understanding of climate change issues. It is addressed to both the general public who wants to know more and the expert who needs a reminderon hand.
§ The publication deals with the principle of climate change, the origins of greenhouse gases emissions and the policies implemented to address climate change.
§ It is a smart and inexpensive Christmas gift.
The CDM: let’s not discard a tool that raised over US$200 billion
By Igor Shishlov, CDC Climat Research
Tendances Carbone n°75 – December 2012
§ At the time when everyone wonders which miraculous instrument will enable the Green Climate Fund to mobilize the pledged US$100 billion per year in climate finance by 2020, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) managed to leverage over US$200 billion of mostly private investment for climate change mitigation.
§ Almost 4 000 CDM projects, for which detailed data is available, have attracted US$188 billion and aim at reducing GHG emissions by 1.42 billion tons CO2e by the end of 2012. Based on the average price for CER of US$13 in the past three years, each dollar of carbon finance managed to leverage 10 dollars of investments in climate change mitigation through the CDM.
§ The CDM proved to be a flexible instrument that is able to learn from its mistakes and improve through incessant reforms. A set of further reforms was proposed by the CDM Policy Dialogue in September 2012.
CDC Climat Research organized, with the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) and HEC Paris in Qatar, a side-event at the Conference of Parties (COP 18) in Doha, Qatar.
Introduced by Professor Antoine Hyafil (HEC Paris in Qatar), the workshop discussed different ways of financing energy efficiency.
§ Thibaud Voita (IPEEC) examined the role of public programs in financing energy efficiency from the experience of India in terms of energy saving certificates to dedicated lending program for SMEs and state funds for energy savings.
§ Igor Shishlov (CDC Climat Research) discussed how Joint Implementation (JI), a project mechanism for GHG emissions reduction, can finance all types of energy efficiency projects (industrial, agriculture, buildings) with a leverage ratio of private capital estimated at $8 for every dollar of carbon revenue incentive.
§ Jan-Willem Van de Ven (EBRD) presented the operation of EBRD’s funds dedicated to sustainable energy that also mobilize private investment partners. These loans of more than €2.4 billion contributed to the reduction of 3.1 million tons of CO2 and the economy of 7.8 million MWh.
You can download the speakers presentations on CDC Climat website.