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نویسنده: حسین بدری پور - دوشنبه ۱۸ دی ۱۳٩۱

هر چهارسال یک بار تسهیلات محیط زیست جهانی از کشورها و آژانس های حمایت کننده مالی می خواهد تا کمک های خود را به این صندوق واریز نمایند. تاکنون چهار دوره تسهیلات محیط زیست جهانی سپری شده است و اینک در دوره  GEF 5 می باشیم که تا سال 2014 ادامه دارد. 


تسهیلات محیط زیست جهانی را 10 آژانس اجرایی پشتیبانی می کنند که یکی از آن ها برنامه محیط زیست ملل متحد (UNEP) می باشد. خانم دکتر مریم نیامیر فولر رابط برنامه محیط زیست و تسهیلات محیط زیست جهانی است که در متنی یک صفحه ای دیدگاه های UNEP برای دوره GEF-6 را ترسیم نموده است. برای مشاهده فایل آن اینجا کلیک کنید.

UNEP perspectives for GEF-6 Programming priorities

By Maryam Niamir-Fuller

 

In the preparation of its own Medium Term Strategy for 2014-2017, the United Nations Environment Programme has undertaken a comprehensive consultative process to determine priorities for action on global environmental issues, and to identify emerging issues.  The results can be of significant importance to helping to better define the programming priorities for the GEF-6 funding replenishment period, which runs from 2014 to 2018.

 In addition to data generated and validated through the Global Environment Outlook process (GEO-5), UNEP undertook a consultative process in 2011-2012 with four main stakeholders :

 

  1. Governments, through regional consultations organized by its Regional Offices
  2. Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA) Secretariats, representing the views of their member states
  3. The scientific community, through a comprehensive “Foresight Process”
  4. Civil Society, through a global web-based consultation process

 

Some of the key issues identified can be highlighted:

  • New Challenges for Ensuring Food Safety and Food Security for 9 billion people
  • The scale and pace of climate change, and its multiplier effect
  • Strengthening resilience to climate change, but also managing unintended impacts of the resilience measures
  • Boosting water use efficiency and bringing water and land management closer together
  • Fully integrating biodiversity conservation into the global ecological and economic agendas
  • Minimizing risks of novel technologies and chemicals
  • Catalyzing rapid and transformative change in human behavior for the environment

 

While many of the issues and trends identified through this process are not directly eligible for GEF financing, there are quite a few that merit its attention.

The member state’s intentions for GEF programming continues to evolve, with decisions yet to be made regarding chemicals financing and climate change financing, among others.

 

Within this context then, I would like to present just a few ideas emanating from our consultative processes, focusing more on the emerging issues, so as to help broaden our deliberations.

 

With the continuing rapid pace of species extinction, there is a need for a balance between ecosystem and species approaches; we need new perspectives to address such issues as invasive alien species in the context of climate change, and continuing illegal trade of threatened species. CITES Executive Secretary talked eloquently about this in the June Council.

 

  • Biomimicry is almost a household name today, but its original intent (seeking sustainable solutions by emulating nature's time-tested patterns and strategies) is being overshadowed by other commercial goals, such as cutting material down, inventing new products and applications, and generally driving revenues of companies up.  How can its original purpose be rejuvenated to help enhance sustainable production, and how can it benefit from ABS concepts and approaches?

 

  • The Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel Chair , Dr. Tom Lovejoy, talked about Short Lived Climate Forcers in his speech to the GEF Council in June 2012. We already work on methane in many contexts, but another compound, N2O, has 100 times the global warming potential of carbon.  Fortunately, the main sources of N2O are relatively limited and we can easily tackle the hot spots through the GEF approach to phasing out industrial use of pollutants.

 

  • Climate experts, as organized by the UNEP-supported PROVIA (Programme of Research on Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation of climate change) have identified a very useful set of priority tasks for supporting adaptation policymaking.  These include, for example, many ideas for improving cost-benefit analyses, for enhancing communication with stakeholders, and for carrying out adaptation studies in critical regions. The findings from PROVIA could provide very useful input for deciding on GEF investments in climate adaptation.

 

  • Environmental dimensions of food security are often in the shadows, as we focus on poverty and famine issues.  UNEP is about to launch a report with IFAD, World Bank and other agencies on the environmental dimensions of food security which would be of relevance to the LD Focal Area.  The report presents a systematic concept for the ecological foundation of the world food system and describes how we are systematically undermining this foundation. It also identifies the many possible solutions to this dilemma but points out that there is now an urgent need to scale-up existing models of sustainable agriculture, sustainable fisheries, and sustainable consumption so that they have a global impact.

 

  • We are fast entering an era of metal scarcity globally. We are also seeing an intense accumulation of e-waste that particularly affects Africa. There is a need to move towards a global recycling economy.

 

  • We have long known about water pollution, but its scope and scale is becoming unprecedented – whether in marine resources (e.g. hypoxia, marine debris) or freshwater resources. The pace of industrialization in developing countries is contributing to this trend. But there are excellent technologies available to allow countries to leap frog and decouple development from environmental degradation.

 

As you can see, some ideas are a refinement of what GEF already does, and others may well stretch the system boundary and mandate of the GEF. We look forward to working closely with the GEF Secretariat, STAP, Council and conventions in the coming months and year, to develop a robust and value added programme for GEF-6.

 

 Maryam Niamir-Fuller is the UNEP/GEF Executive Coordinator.


حسین بدری پور
من بیش از یک دهه سابقه کار در سازمان جنگلها، مراتع و آبخیزداری کشور را دارم و در حال حاضر هم در مقطع دکترای منابع طبیعی تحصیل می نمایم. هدف از راه اندازی این وبلاگ اطلاع رسانی در خصوص مباحث روز منابع طبیعی و محیط زیست از قبیل همایش ها، پروژه ها و طرح های مرتبط در سطح ملی و بین المللی می باشد.
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